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Polity & Governance

Current Affairs

Neutrino Project

  • India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) project has hit a roadblock since the site is within the tiger corridor in Tamil Nadu.
  • The project was put outside of the eco-sensitive zone by Environment Ministry. This had allowed it to go ahead without needing clearance from National Board for Wildlife (NBWL).
  • Neutrinos-The proton, neutron, and electron are tiny particles that makeup atoms.The neutrino is a tiny elementary particle that isn’t part of the atom and interacts with other matter particles very weakly.

Project SAGE

  • The Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment virtually launched the SAGE (Senior care Aging Growth Engine) initiative and SAGE portal for elderly persons.
  • The SAGE portal will be one-stop access to elderly care products and services by credible start-ups.
  • There is an urgent need to create a more robust eldercare ecosystem in India, especially in the post-COVID phase.

Launch of Seed Minikits Programme

  • The Seed Minikit Programme was launched recently was launched by the Ministry of Agriculture.
  • Seed Minikits consisting of higher-yielding varieties of seeds of Pulses and oilseeds were distributed to farmers.
  • It is wholly funded by the Government of India through the National Food Security Mission.

Dagmara Hydro-Electric Project

  • NHPC Limited and Bihar State Hydroelectric Power Corporation Limited (BSHPC) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the Dagmara Hydro-Electric Project.
  • Dagmara Hydro-Electric Project spans the Kosi River. The project lies near the hamlet of Dagmara on the Kosi River.
  • It has a total capacity of 130 MW of energy generation and the construction cost is to be Rs. 2478.24 crore.
  • The project’s implementation would promote the area’s socio-economic and infrastructure development.

Beed Model

  • The Maharashtra government has requested that the crop insurance program Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojna’s (PMFBY) “Beed model” be implemented throughout the state.
  • The insurance firm gives a cover of 110% of the premium received under this approach and the state government would pay if the compensation sum exceeded 110%.
  • If the compensation will be less than the premium paid, the insurance firm would take 20% as processing fees.


  • The flagship PMFBY, which was launched in 2016, guarantees agricultural losses against bad weather.
  • For Kharif crops, the required premium is 2%, for Rabi crops, it is 1.5 %, and for commercial and horticultural crops it is 5%. Enrollment in the program is entirely voluntary for all farmers.