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Modi 2.0 Government era begins; 58 – member team took charge
- Narendra Modi was on 30th May sworn in for his second term as the Prime Minister at a glittering ceremony at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
- With the BJP-led NDA having swept the Loksabha elections, winning 352 of 542 seats and securing a huge mandate, there are strong expectations that Modi 2.0 will deliver fast-track reforms on two crucial factors of productivity land and labour. Modi, and his Cabinet colleagues were administered the oath of office and secrecy by President Ram Nath Kovind at the ceremony, attended by about 6,000 invitees, including foreign dignitaries, BIMSTEC leaders, Chief Ministers of States, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das, corporate honchos, including Ratan Tata, Mukesh Ambani and Tata Sons chief N Chandrashekhar, besides sports and film personalities.
- As many as 58 Ministers, including Prime Minister Modi, were sworn on 30th May. There were 25 Cabinet Ministers, nine Ministers of State (with independent charge), and 24 more Ministers of State.Therearethree women Cabinet Ministers — Smriti Irani, Harsimrat Kaur Badal and NirmalaSitharaman — in the Modi 2.0 team. In all, Team Modi has six women Ministers — three Cabinet and three Ministers of State.
- Modi 2.0’s Cabinet team comprised almost all the seniors — except ArunJaitley and Sushma Swaraj who opted out — of his earlier innings. BJP President Amit Shah, a first-time Member of Parliament, was inducted into the Council of Ministers.
- About 22 Ministers from the earlier Modi-led Government have been dropped. Some of the key Ministers who did not make it are Suresh Prabhu, Maneka Gandhi, JP Nadda, Radha Mohan Singh and Jayant Sinha.
- Some of the new faces in the Council of Ministers are Arvind Sawant, Prahlad Joshi, Arjun Munda, Ramesh Pokhariyal and S Jaishankar.
- From the Opposition parties, the Congress was represented at the swearing-in ceremony by UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi, Congress President Rahul Gandhi and former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
- Bara Bhangal village in Himachal Pradesh, recorded 100 percent voting in the Lok Sabha 2019.
- In constituency Navsari,-the highest victory margin was recorded in 2019 General elections.BJP leader CR Patil won the Nvasari Lok Sabha seat .Winning Margin –689668 votes
- The lowest victory margin recorded in 2019 General Elections is in Machhlishahr, Uttar Pradesh constituency. Winning Margin –181 votes
- In Himachal Pradesh the BJP had the highest vote share with 69.1% in Himachal Pradesh.
- The world’s highest polling station is at Tashiganag, Himachal Pradesh, with the height of 15,256 feet. Till 2017 the highest polling station is Ka at Himachal Pradesh.
- AAP is the only party to field a transgender candidate. Aam Aadmi Party Filed transgender candidate, Chirpi Bhawani from the Prayagraj seat in Uttar Pradesh.
- INC party fielded the maximum women candidates.
- In UP and West Bengal state the maximum women candidates won the elections.
- Tejaswi Surya from Bangalore, South, became the youngest BJP candidate to win in Lok Sabha Elections 2019. The youngest candidate of LokSabha Elections in 2019 who wonthe election is Chandrani Murmu, the BJD candidate from Keonjhar.
- Bihar state saw about 8.17 lakh voters opting for none of the Above (NOTA) option, the highest in the country.
- 4 independent candidates won in Lok Sabha elections 2019.
- Sangrur, Punjab is the only seat that AAP won in Lok Sabha elections 2019–MP Bhagwant Mann.
Hits and Misses : 5 years of Modi Government
Here are the hits and misses of the NDA government –
- GDP Growth: With Niti Aayog panel ‘downgrading’ UPA-era growth of revised 2016-18 data, Modi government’s GDP growth record 7.6% average of 5 years is comfortably ahead of UPA’s 6.7%. This century’s fastest growth year still belongs to UPA (8.5% IN 2010-11). India overtook France in 2018 to become the world’s 6th largest economy. It will take 5th position from the UK this year on way to a $3 trillion GDP in 2020.
- On Job creation, Govt found itself on a back foot: Slow job creation- The labour ministry stopped releasing its quarterly survey of employment. The govt claimed jobs were being created but not captured in official estimates. On Jan 30, a media report on NSSO’s periodic labour survey said that annual employment rate in 2017-2018 was at a 45 –year high of 61%. CMIE, which publishes a monthly employment report, estimated that at least a million jobs were lost in 2018, and unemployment rate rose from 5% in January to 7.7% in December.
- 5 Ministries get stellar score from people, and Finance is not among them : The top five ministries of the Modi government are Defence, External Affairs, New and Renewable Energy, Coal, and Road, Transport and Highways, a survey conducted by LocalCircles showed. Indians have given a stellar score to the Defence Ministry — 4.9 on the scale of 5. The government has been applauded for “taking some bold steps like the surgical strikes against Pakistan.
- Four ambitious targets NDA is poised to miss:After taking over the Prime Minister’s Office in 2014, Narendra Modi shared his vision to make India an investor-friendly destination, which would subsequently lead to job creation and development. However, despite ambitious plans like Make in India, Narendra Modi, five years later, is poised to miss some targets.
- 4 developments that shocked the nation: From vowing to build toilets in every school to announcing demonetisation to Moody’s surprise rating upgrade to massive fraud at Punjab National Bank (PNB) allegedly by diamond czar Nirav Modi, the nation has been shocked in a good and a bad way in last five years.
- Has Modi kept India secure? Are women now safer in India? : The BJP government says it brought in tough laws to combat violence against women. The data shows a rise in the reporting of rape to the authorities, particularly after the notorious Delhi gang rape of 2012.But the conviction rate for cases that go to the courts has not really improved in the last few years
Sectors crying for urgent attention in Modi 2.0 regime.-
As Prime Minister Narendra Modi begins his second innings, a few ailing sectors of the economy are looking for actions from the new government to get them out of the rut.
- Aviation – The Jet Airways saga is the latest instance that reflects the tough conditions that the domestic aviation industry is going through. The Naresh Goyal-led airline in April shut down operations, going the Kingfisher’s way, rendering nearly18,000 employees jobless. Experts expect the government to bring aviation turbine fuel (ATF) under the GST ambit, which will remove tax disparity across states. At present, ATF in India is priced 30-40 per cent above global rates owning to higher taxation. There are also demands that the government should facilitate setting up of maintenance & overhaul facilities (MRO) within India, which can help cut costs.
- Power- Mounting losses and piling debt at the Discoms have been a worry for the power sector. The Modi government in its first term formulated UDAY in a bid to improve the financial health and operational efficiency of the country’s debt-ridden power distribution companies. Its aim was to bring registered losses of Discoms to below 15 per cent by FY19 and reduce the gap between average cost of supply and average revenue realised to zero. Data showed electricity generation grew by a modest 3.6 per cent in FY19.
- Banking NBFCs – The rising stress in the NBFC sector has kicked off a debate over whether it is an insolvency issue or just a liquidity crunch. Providing state-run banks with adequate capital is another issue the government needs to address quickly. The brokerage estimated that the government would need $30-35 billion to restart growth in state-owned banks, with roughly half of it just to meet regulatory capitalisation needs.
- Consumption – Sectors across the consumption theme – both staples and discretionary – have been seeing a slowdown. While credit squeeze and diminishing wealth effect are the primary reasons of the weakness, Axis Capital attributes it to stress in rural income, rising unemployment and insufficient job creation. In the long term, the government will need to focus on income growth to drive up household consumption.
- Healthcare – BJP’s election manifesto promised setting up of 1,50,000 health and wellness centres (HWCs) by 2022. It proposed a separate pricing policy for medical devices. BJP has also promised to increase spending on healthcare to 2.5 per cent of GDP by 2025 from 1.15 per cent now.What the Modi Government 2.0 has Promised?
- India has the world’s second largest startup ecosystem, and the BJP is looking to increase its support to the community by easing regulatory requirements for them. The party said in its manifesto that over 17 crore entrepreneurs have availed loans under the PradhanMantri Mudra Yojana, and expects to take the total number of beneficiaries of loans to go up to 30 crore people. The ruling party also said it was aiming to create 50,000 new startups by 2024, and establish 100 innovation zones in urban local bodies. In addition, the party said it would set up about 500 new incubators and accelerators by 2024.
Here’s the full list of the Union Council of Ministers and their portfolios, under the Modi Government 2.0.-
|Narendra Modi||Varanasi||Prime Minister, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions; Department of Atomic Energy; Department of Space; All important policy issues; and All other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.|
|Rajnath Singh||Lucknow||Minister of Defence|
|Amit Shah||Gandhinagar||Minister of Home Affairs|
|NitinGadkari||Nagpur||Minister of Road Transport and Highways; and Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises|
|D.V. Sadananda||Bangalore North||Minister of Chemical and Fertilizers|
|NirmalaSitharaman||Karnataka Rajya Sabha||Minister of Finance; and Minister of Corporate Affairs|
|RamvilasPaswan||–||Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution|
|Narendra Singh Tomar||Morena||Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare; Minister of Rural Development; and Minister of Panchayati Raj|
|Ravi Shankar Prasad||Patna Sahib||Minister of Law and Justice; Minister of Communications; and Minister of Electronics and Information Technology|
|HarsimratKaurBadal||Bathinda||Minister of Food Processing Industries|
|Thaawar Chand Gehlot||Madhya Pradesh RS||Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment|
|Dr. S Jaishankar||Minister of External Affairs|
|Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank||Haridwar||Minister of Human Resource Development|
|ArjunMunda||Khunti||Minister of Tribal Affairs|
|SmritiIrani||Amethi||Minister of Women and Child Development; Minister of Textiles|
|Dr. Harsh Vardhan||Chandni Chowk||Minister of Health and Family Welfare;’ Minister of Science and Technology; and Minister of Earth Sciences|
|PrakashJavadekar||Maharashtra||Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change; and Minister of Information and Broadcasting|
|PiyushGoyal||Maharashtra||Minister of Railways; and Minister of Commerce and Industry|
|DharmendraPradhan||Madhya Pradesh Rajya Sabha||Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas; and Minister of Steel|
|Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi||Jharkhand RS||Minister of Minority Affairs|
|Pralhad Joshi||Dharwad||Minister of Parliamentary Affairs; Minister of Coal; and Minister of Mines|
|Dr.MahendraNathPandey||Chandauli||Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship|
|ArvindSawant||Mumbai-South||Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprise|
|Giriraj Singh||Begusarai||Minister of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries|
|Gajendra Singh Shekhawat||Jodhpur||Minister of Jal Shakti|
Ministers of State (Independent Charge) –
|Santosh Kumar Gangwar||Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Labour and Employment.|
|RaoInderjit Singh||Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation; and Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Planning|
|ShripadYessoNaik||Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH); and Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence.|
|Dr.Jitendra Singh||Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region;
Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office; Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions; Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy; and
Minister of State in the Department of Space.
|KirenRijiju||Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Minority Affairs.|
|Prahalad Singh Patel||Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Culture; and Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Tourism.|
|Raj Kumar Singh||Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Power; Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship|
|Hardeep Singh Puri||Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs; Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Civil Aviation; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.|
|Mansukh L. Mandaviya||Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Shipping; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.|
Ministers of State –
|FaggansinghKulaste||Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel.|
|Ashwini Kumar Choubey||Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.|
|Arjun Ram Meghwal||Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises.|
|General (Retd.) V. K. Singh||Minister of State in the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.|
|Krishan Pal||Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.|
|DanveRaosahebDadarao||Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.|
|G. Kishan Reddy||Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.|
|ParshottamRupala||Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.|
|RamdasAthawale||Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.|
|SadhviNiranjanJyoti||Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.|
|Babul Supriyo||Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.|
|Sanjeev Kumar Balyan||Minister of State in the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.|
|Dhotre Sanjay Shamrao||Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development; Minister of State in the Ministry of Communications; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.|
|Anurag Singh Thakur||Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.|
|Angadi Suresh Channabasappa||Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways.|
|NityanandRai||Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.|
|Rattan LalKataria||Minister of State in the Ministry of Jal Shakti; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.|
|V. Muraleedharan||Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.|
|Renuka Singh Saruta||Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.|
|SomParkash||Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.|
|RameswarTeli||Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing Industries.|
|Pratap Chandra Sarangi||Minister of State in the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.|
|KailashChoudhary||Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.|
|DebasreeChaudhuri||Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development.